Not mentioned in Matthew
9:00 a.m. -- “It was the third hour when they crucified him.” (Mark 15:25)
Not mentioned in Luke
12:00 p.m. -- Jesus was not crucified until after the sixth hour! (John 19:14-15)"
And he says to the Jews, Behold (look and see), the king of you!
They then cried, Away, Away, Crucify him!…
then, therefore, he delivered up Him
To them in order that He might be crucified.”
Simon of Cyrene (Matthew 27:32)
Simon of Cyrene (Mark 15:21)
Simon of Cyrene (Luke 23:26)
“They seized*into*possession* then, Jesus, and led away,
(Colossians 2:15 -- my translation w/ word pictures)
and after having searched,
a certain Simon, --who by name and reputation is the father of Alexander and Rufus --
which he did take up, bear, and endure
21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Lumped together from five manuscripts by a German "higher critic" in the 19th century, this account strangely will hold the same veracity as Julius Caesar, and various other ancient writers. However, the actual [although abridged version of the] testimony of Pilate may have been as thus:
* Sanhedrin 43a MISHNAH (required, oral law).
IF THEN THEY FIND HIM INNOCENT, THEY DISCHARGE HIM; BUT IF NOT, HE GOES FORTH TO BE STONED,
[in Jesus' case, crucified,
after that the Roman's give the same conviction in A.D. 30]
AND A HERALD PRECEDES HIM [CRYING]:
SO AND SO, THE SON OF SO AND SO, IS GOING FORTH TO BE STONED BECAUSE HE COMMITTED SUCH AND SUCH AN OFFENCE,
AND SO AND SO ARE HIS WITNESSES. WHOEVER KNOWS ANYTHING IN HIS FAVOUR, LET HIM COME AND STATE IT.
GEMARA. (rabbinic Interpretation, etc.)
Abaye said; It must also be announced: On such and such a day, at such and such and hour, and in such and such a place [the offense / alleged crime was committed], in case there are some who know [to the contrary], so that they can come forward and prove the witnesses….
[In contradiction to this] it was taught: On the eve of the Passover Yeshu [Munich Codex of the Talmud adds 'the Nasarean'.] was hanged.
For forty days before the execution took place, a herald went forth and cried, 'He is going forth to be stoned because he has practised sorcery and enticed Israel to apostacy. Any one who can say anything in his favour, let him come forward and plead on his behalf.'
But since nothing was brought forward in his favour he was hanged on the eve of the Passover!
— Ulla retorted: 'Do you suppose that he was one for whom a defence could be made? Was he not a Mesith [an enticer], concerning whom Scripture says, Neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him?
With Yeshu however it was different, for he was connected with the [‘malkhut’] government.’ "
Now there are those who say that there was another Yeshu besides Jesus (Yeshua) who lived 130 B.C. They then go on to say that the Talmudic use of “malkhut” also is inclusive of the Roman government, which did not make its appearance into Israel until pre 70 B.C., some 62 years later than such a one as not being Jesus of A.D. 30. We know the Talmuds independently place us the confirmation of the Gospels by a hostile witness account, and inform us that the Gospels speak of a 30 A.D. crucifixion.
In the Jerusalem Sanhedrin I.1, we read:
“40 years before the destruction of the House [i.e., the Temple], capital jurisdiction was taken away.”
In the Babylonian Talmud, Avodah Zarah 8b:
“When Rabbi Yishma’el ben Yossei fell sick, his disciples asked him to leave them some of the sayings of his father. He told them, ’40 years before the destruction of the House [i.e., the Temple], the Sanhedrin was exiled and sat in a shop.’” (Cf. Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 15a, Sanhedrin 41b).
But to the Zealot factions, they refused the Roman Government the right to dictate the removal of “capital punishment”, and claimed the right to execute until the Temple itself was destroyed in 70 A.D. (Babylonian Talmud Sanhedrin 52b and Ketuboth 30a; Mekhilta of Shimon bar Yohai, Shemot 21.14).
So if that is the case, whether legally or illegally, the right of Sanhedrinal capital punishment was given up for just one year: in A.D. 30, when Jesus was slain, as according to the Gospel accounts of the Christians.
Shimon bar Yohai is the same one, who in the Babylonian Talmud’s Sukkah 45b, boasts that the two greatest intellects in the world was he and his son. So the claim of exaggeration is given to this one, who lived in those times contemporaneous to Justin Martyr and Irenaeus.
But it is also known that there is a rabbinic hostility that was directed against the Christians that existed since the beginning of Christianity. In the Babylonian Talmud’s Shabbat 116a, we see that the hostility against any writings favoring Jesus, according to the later Rabbi Tarphon’s recommendation, were to be burned because Christians (“minnim”) were considered as worse than idolaters by the Talmudists. So if the Christians were worse than “idolaters”, why not fully discredit that belief system using history, facts, and Oral testimony? Unless, that is, such “history – facts – oral testimony” was virtually non-existent but for a historical tid-bits that took nothing away from the “minim”, and added only a few slanderous unfounded accusations?
Maimonides once commented to the effect, on the Mishna Sanhedrin, that : “no law may be deduced by the use of emergency measures” or words to this effect.
In other words, the change in parliamentary procedures to try Jesus by night is fully applicable if it is construed as an “emergency measure”, and does not change the procedures of law already on the books, nor need be a cause for precedent if it is not so desired.
Again, such is the Gospel accounts, and as such…we can use even the hostile testimony against Jesus and the Gospels, in favor of the NT’s historical accuracy and truthfulness in presenting their side of the matter. And indeed, we can learn more details about the background that makes our reading of the Gospel narratives that much richer from the literary historical perspective.
WHEN HE IS ABOUT TEN CUBITS AWAY
FROM THE PLACE OF STONING, THEY SAY TO HIM, 'CONFESS', ….
' R. JUDAH SAID: IF HE KNOWS THAT HE IS A VICTIM OF FALSE EVIDENCE, HE CAN SAY: MAY MY DEATH BE AN EXPIATION FOR ALL MY SINS BUT THIS. THEY [THE SAGES] SAID TO HIM: IF SO, EVERYONE WILL SPEAK LIKEWISE IN ORDER TO CLEAR HIMSELF.
In the case of Jesus, He was innocent...and died for the sins others had committed upon Him. On the Cross, He uttered,"Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." (Luke 23:34).
He did this at the Cross, where he was accompanied, not only by the Romans and Simon the Cyrenian, but by his tormentors and false accusers. In this case, Nicodemus being likely absent, the other elders (6 of the 7) of the Great Sanhedrin, and their disciples and aides.
33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they [the Roman soldiers] crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.