on November 20, 1772 wrote:
"Among the Natural Rights...are these First.
a Right to Life;
Secondly to Liberty;
thirdly to Property;
together with the Right to support and defend them in the best manner they can
--Those are evident Branches of, rather than deductions from the Duty of Self Preservation, commonly called the first Law of Nature--
All Men have a Right to remain in a State of Nature as long as they please:
And in case of intollerable Oppression, Civil or Religious, to leave the Society they belong to, and enter into another.--
When Men enter into Society, it is by voluntary consent; and they have a right to demand and insist upon the performance of such conditions, and previous limitations as form an equitable original compact.--
Every natural Right not expressly given up or from the nature of a Social Compact necessarily ceded remains.—
All positive and civil laws, should conform as far as possible, to the Law of natural reason and equity.--
As neither reason requires, nor religion permits the contrary, every Man living in or out of a state of civil society, has a right peaceably and quietly to worship God according to the dictates of his conscience.--
"Just and true liberty, equal and impartial liberty" in matters spiritual and temporal, is a thing that all Men are clearly entitled to, by the eternal and immutable laws Of God and nature, as well as by the law of Nations, & all well grounded municipal laws, which must have their foundation in the former.
...All Persons born in the British American Colonies are by the laws of God and nature, and by the Common law of England...
Among those Rights are the following;
which no men or body of men, consistently with their own rights as men and citizens or members of society, can for themselves give up, or take away from others.
"The first fundamental positive law of all Commonwealths or States, is the establishing the legislative power;
as the first fundamental natural law also, which is to govern even the legislative power itself, is the preservation of the Society."
"There shall be one rule of Justice for rich and poor; for the favorite in Court, and the Countryman at the Plough."
The supreme power cannot Justly take from any man, any part of his property without his consent, in person or by his Representative.--
... The statute of the 13th of George 2. c. 7. naturalizes even foreigners after seven years residence.
The words of the Massachusetts Charter are these,
"And further our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, grant establish and ordain, that all and every of the subjects of us, our heirs and successors, which shall go to and inhabit within our said province or territory and every of their children which shall happen to be born there, or on the seas in going thither, or returning from thence shall have and enjoy, all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects within any of the dominions of us, our heirs and successors, to all intents constructions & purposes whatsoever as if they and every of them were born within this our Realm of England." "