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Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Mystery of Sumerian kings Text solved: Sumerian kings reigned in days, NOT YEARS

The Sumerian king list: translation
Citing only in part:

1-39 After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug. In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years. Then Eridug fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira. In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43200 years. En-men-gal-ana ruled for 28800 years. Dumuzid, the shepherd, ruled for 36000 years. 3 kings; they ruled for 108000 years. Then Bad-tibira fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Larag. In Larag, En-sipad-zid-ana ruled for 28800 years. 1 king; he ruled for 28800 years. Then Larag fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Zimbir. In Zimbir, En-men-dur-ana became king; he ruled for 21000 years. 1 king; he ruled for 21000 years. Then Zimbir fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Curuppag. In Curuppag, Ubara-Tutu became king; he ruled for 18600 years. 1 king; he ruled for 18600 years. In 5 cities 8 kings; they ruled for 241200 years. Then the flood swept over.

Black, J.A., Cunningham, G., Fluckiger-Hawker, E, Robson, E., and Z├│lyomi, G., The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (http://www-etcsl.orient.ox.ac.uk/), Oxford 1998- .



http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/section2/tr211.htm

U le’u akannaka sattu gabbi - the scribe and the [engraved] record are there the entire year The Assyrian Dictionary (University of Chicago), p.157

http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/cad_tet.pdf

Sattisamma - year by year p.122

It seems that the proper word for "year", rather than a simple measure of time of an unknown factor, does not appear in the Akkadian chronology for it to be translated as "year" or such.

The word "year", not being a variant of sattu in the relevant texts below...are translated as to what appears to be an original intent of the scribe...an approximation of "days" is the logically correct translation...often in forms of one hundred as the measure of rounding up or down...based on reconstructing the corruption of the texts.


The chronology of the list of Sumerian kings is resolved by a better translation, reconstruction of corrupt texts to original intent, and a placing of that chronology upon the accuracy of the Biblical chronology.

1-39

After the kingship descended from heaven, 2348 B.C.
{after Noah’s ark}
the kingship was in Eridug.

The word for heaven, might easily be read as that which was first intended as waters from above...or, 'after that the [Noachian] flood receded". If this is the intent, there may have to be an adjustment to create a family (grandchildren and great grand-children) of Noah. This adjustment can be as little as 15 to as many as 50 years. All you need is a son of Shem intercoursing with two of his sisters or cousins for the clock to start ticking...if we were to take that approach. But the best we can do with the text, for now, is just a generalized reconstruction...until a better or comparative copy from antiquity surfaces.


In Eridug,
Alulim became king;

he ruled for 28800
{DAYS}. 78 years 10 months 2348 to 2269 B.C.

Alaljar ruled for 36000 {DAYS}. 98 years 6 months 2269 to 2171 B.C.

[some 22-30 years after 2269 B.C., the earth is divided]

2 kings; they ruled for 64800 {DAYS}. 177 years, 4 months -- ending 2171 B.C.


Then falling over to Eridug
Taking
(into account) the kingship (in regard to) Bad-tibira.



In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43200 {DAYS}. 118 years, 3 months 2348 to 2230 B.C.

En-men-gal-ana ruled for 28800 {DAYS}. 78 years 10 months -- 2230 to 2151 B.C.


Dumuzid, the shepherd, ruled for 36000 {DAYS}.
98 years, 6 months -- 2151 to 2053 B.C.


3 kings; they ruled for 108000 {DAYS}. 295 years, 7 months


Then falling over to Bad-tibira
Taking
(into account) the kingship (in regard to) Larag.

In Larag, En-sipad-zid-ana ruled for 28800
{DAYS}. 78 years, 10 months -- 2053 to 1974 B.C.


1 king; he ruled for 28800 {DAYS}. 78 years, 10 months

Then falling over to Larag
Taking
(into account) the kingship (in regard to) Zimbir.

In Zimbir, En-men-dur-ana became king; he ruled for 21000 {DAYS}. 57 years, 6 months -- 1974 to 1917 B.C.

1 king; he ruled for 21000 years. 57 years, 6 months


Then Zimbir fell (?) and the kingship was taken to Curuppag.

In Curuppag, Ubara-Tutu became king; he ruled for 18600
{DAYS} 50 years, 11 months -- 1917 to 1866 B.C.

1 king; he ruled for 18600 years. 50 years, 11 months


In 5 cities 8 kings; they ruled for 241200 {DAYS}. 660 years, 3 months

However, the actual length breaks down to something like 482 years of existence, with 364 years of some kind of regional domination...both having their point of reference as ending 1866 B.C.

There may have to be some adjustment in the dating and translation regarding Eridug. The alternate scenario would have usregard the first de facto ruler as in 2230 B.C. as the date immediately following the fall of Babel, while dating Babel to within a decade of the Biblical expectancy.


"Then the flood swept over."

That is, here in this instance, "wiping the slate clean."

It is an expression of resoftening the clay, so that it can be reused for writing...or telling us that a new accounting, or sub-history, or of those with lesser titles, is taking place.

Therefore, we are next prepared for sub-kings, district lords, or first administrators of their provinces during the period following that up to this point. The Sumerian structure had essentially disintegrated by 1866 B.C., according to this timeline of the Sumerians, which dating is verified against the Bible timeline. But, like the vice-regent duality lists known to Manetho, who counted second in commands as if they too were Pharoahs…so also does this Sumerian account offer confusion in the number of what are reckoned as their own leaders. The list appears to be composed in or very shortly following 1720 B.C.



1866 - 1799 B.C.
(40-94) After the [same] flood [as listed above] had swept over, and the kingship had descended from heaven, the kingship was in Kic. In Kic, Jucur became king; he ruled for 1200 {DAYS}. etc.

... 23 kings; they ruled for 24510 {Days} ...Then Kic was defeated and the kingship was taken to E-ana. -- 67 years,1 month

...

1799 - 1793 B.C. / The Hyksos now invading Egypt, by my reconstruction of the Exodus timeline, textually provable by Greek history preserved by Patristics, and the Bible.


(95-133) In E-ana, Mec-ki-aj-gacer, the son of Utu, became lord and king; he ruled for 324 {Days}. etc.

...12 kings; they ruled for 2310 {Days}. Then Unug was defeated and the kingship was taken to Urim. -- 6 years, 4 months
...


(378-431) A total of 39 kings ruled for 14409 {Days}...in Kic.
That is, 39 years, 5 months or 1793 - 1754 B.C. in Kic.

A total of 22 kings ruled for 2610 {days}... in Unug.-- 7 years, 2 months or 1793 to 1786 B.C. in Unug

...A total of 134 kings, who altogether ruled for 28876 {days}

-- That is, 79 years or 1799 to 1720 B.C.

By this above reconstruction, edited down, we can see that the Akkadian / Old Babylonian / Sumerian vacuum was present in 1866 B.C.

If the Akkadians are any rule of measure to the Hittite issue...of the debate that sometimes arises as to precisely when the Hitites had their zenith in ancient history...we can say that the likelihood of the zenith of the Hittites was between 1866 B.C., to a point beyond 1720 B.C. on just the Sumerian texts alone.

With the Akkadian collapse, the uniting of bands in the Hittites would have allowed the prospering and dominance from the Lebanese Mediterranean Sea to the Euphrates river for hundreds of years, while being beyond the permanent logistically supported presence of an Egyptian army seeking to subjugate the same region.



In comparison, the nation of Israel's pre-Exodus Chronology is thus:
(Egyptian kings termed by the Greek names given them by their own historian Manetho. -- Brianroy).


Genesis 11:26 - Abram is born as one of a set of triplets in 2056 B.C.

Abram first enters Keme / Egypt in 1986 B.C.

The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah ca. 1980 - 1960 B.C.

Isaac is born in 1956 B.C.

Esau and Jacob are born in 1896 B.C.

Abraham dies in 1881 B.C.

Joseph is born in 1804 B.C.

Beon succeeds Salatis as Hyksos ruler of the recent conquest of Keme / Egypt in 1791 B.C.

The lands being conquered are to be distinguished from Theban controlled Egypt. The Hyksos controlled only from Memphis and points north into the still forming Nile Delta regions.

A simultaneous Theban House of Egypt ruled in the south, and were part of the 330 of the Herodotan reference, though these rulers (and their vice regents who were also part of the 330 number used by Herodotus) ran simultaneously with the Hyksos rulers in the north.

Isaac dies in 1776 B.C.

Joseph receives Jacob and the house of Israel in 1766 B.C.

Apachnas succeeds Beon in 1747 B.C.

[The Assyrian Chronology ends in 1720 B.C., and the Hitites out of Modern Turkey now control the regions of Northern Iraq and through the the Levant as far south as Galilee, and co-exist peacefully in regions south of that...or perhaps rich merchants and traders from the Hittites so do.]

Apophis succeeds Apachnas in 1711 B.C.

Joseph, the son of Jacob and servant of Israel who was known of Apophis, dies in 1694 B.C.

Jonias, the "Pharoah" who knew not Joseph, succeeds Apophis, in 1650 B.C.

It is at this point, between 1650 and 1646 B.C., that the indentured servitude of the House of Israel begins, in which the Hebrews must forcibly work off their debts as a result of borrowing to feed and house the average family which regenerated at a rate of 5 sons every 30 years or so.

The massacre of the Hebrew boys occurs in 1631 B.C.

Moses is formerly adopted as an heir to the throne by 1628 B.C.

The wars of Moses in behalf of the Hyksos in Egypt was circa 1597 B.C.

Assiss assumes the throne of the Hyksos in 1595 B.C.

Moses receives his mandate in the wilderness to deliver Israel, no later than (Rosh HaShana) 1552 B.C.

The deliverance of Israel out of Egypt through the Red Sea in 1551 B.C.

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