Merry Christmas, 2018!
JESUS CHRIST IS THE ONLY NAME WHEREBY HUMANITY CAN BE INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY SAVE. HE WHO REJECTS CHRIST JESUS, REJECTS GOD THE FATHER ALMIGHTY, OF WHOSE SAME ESSENCE AND BEING AND PERFECT MIRRORING REFLECTION THAT JESUS CHRIST IS. THEREFORE, LET US REJOICE THAT CHRIST JESUS OFFERS HUMANITY, BY THE ACTION OF SIMPLE TRUSTING FAITH AND CONFESSION INTO HIM, TO RECEIVE CHRIST JESUS INTO THEIR SOUL, MAKE IT ETERNALLY ALIVE, AND HAVE THE PROMISE AND ASSURANCE OF SPIRITUAL ETERNAL LIFE AND A NEW BODY MADE BY GOD FOR THEM AFTER THIS ONE ENDS, AND TO DWELL FOREVERMORE IN THE PRESENCE AND CARE OF JESUS CHRIST THE LORD. HALLELUJAH. AMEN.
As many readers of my blog know, I have previously repeatedly shown that the literary history regarding the New Testament allows me to state that it is a FACT of history that the Gospel of Luke was written between the fall of 49 A.D. and the Spring of 51 A.D. Therefore, Luke’s Gospel is the first in the chronology of the 4 Gospels, and was written in the presence of and with the help of at least half of the Apostles in their careful recollections, and done while Luke assisted the Apostle Paul as he evangelized Corinth of Achaia with the Apostle Peter. The Gospel of John was the other multi-Apostle composed work, but the last Gospel (written very soon after Peter and Paul’s executions in Rome on June 29, 57 A.D.), while Matthew (comprising of Matthew’s witness) and Mark (comprising of Peter’s witnessing while he was at Rome), are the in-between Gospels in the chronological order in which the Gospels came into the world and were “published”, as it were.
In Luke Chapter 2, we start the Christmas event with the Shepherds in the fields some 4.5 to 6 miles south of Jerusalem in October of 5 B.C.
As to the location of the Bethlehem Jesus was born in, it remains BURIED on a hillside in Israel unto this day, and under alien authority (Fatah pseudo-Palestinian West Bank of Judea) governance and control.
Justin Martyr, in his Apology, 1.34, locates the Bethlehem of Judea in which Messiah was born into the world as specifically being 4 to 4.1 miles south of the what is probably the northern side of the Hinom valley at the southern city wall of Jerusalem in the First Century B.C., when he says:
"And thou, Bethlehem, the land of Judah" etc.
"Now there is a village in the land of the Jews, 35 stadia from Jerusalem, in which Jesus Christ was born, as you can [still] ascertain also from the registers of the taxing made under Cyrenius, your first procurator in Judea."
To the Romans of the era from Christ to that of Justin Martyr, 1 stadia was roughly 606 - 630 feet in our measurements. Therefore, 35 stadia was roughly 4.0 to 4.1 miles from Jerusalem's Old City.
Many historians quickly gloss over the significance of the statement of Justin Martyr, from which those having perspicacity can quite well understand the deeper insight from Justin Martyr’s statement from which I quoted, tells us his testimony is thus:
1) There were still existing meticulously detailed and publicly accessible Roman records in Judea about Judeans and events of Judea inscribed in those records, about a century and a half after their entry.
2) The taxing Bureaucracy were thorough and exacting record keeping Administrators who made sure that not only was Joseph and Mary taxed, but they also got the name of the baby born to them while they were at Bethlehem for the Census. This actually would tie in with Matthew 1:20-21,25 as to how Joseph named Jesus / Yeshua his name, when he had been recorded prior to the 8th day circumcision of the child after that Jesus / Yeshua was born.
3) Cyrenius was called the 1st procurator of Judea.
4) This Bethlehem location, no longer extant, and later replaced with a mistaken Byzantine location some 4 miles further away from Jerusalem, this correct 4 mile away from Jerusalem hometown and birthplace of King David as well as Jesus, was still existing in the second century A.D., as was factually known to have existed in Cyrenius' and Jesus' day (probably by both Roman records, and generational families that lived there, even through two major and disastrous Jewish revolts.
5) The location of this Bethlehem rules out all other nominations for Jesus' birthplace, being 35 stadia from Jerusalem.
Currently, the Bethlehem of Jesus' lies buried and unexcavated under open fields and winding roads north-northeast of the current city of Bethlehem. It is miles outside the boundaries of the modern Bethlehem, and almost half as close to Jerusalem as the one now occupied by Muslim fanatics wishing to destroy a true reality they cannot.
Furthermore, various Christian denominations and sects who are attached to the modern Bethlehem are currently worshipping in the wrong place.
But does any of that take away from the historical reality of Christ, of who He is, what He did in coming to Earth from Heaven to be born among us and what He did at the Cross, or the reality of His dying as our atonement of sins, being raised the 3rd day, ascending to back to Heaven visibly before more than 120 witnesses, et cetera? Absolutely not. The historical record and the true reality of things remain sound, even if people are misled, intentionally or otherwise, as to the specific square footage plots as where Jesus was born, or where Jesus suffered on the Cross (being the Kidron and Hinom Valley Juncture, but still at Jerusalem as the Scripture says – Revelation 11:8)
King James Version (KJV)
King James Version (KJV) in aqua Blue
Alternate Word Pictures with Reiterations Version (AWPR) in Yellow
My Comments are in Green
1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed. (KJV)
1) And it came into being then in those days,
(there) went forth out a dogma – decree – command
from near and with the force of Caesar Augustus,
(that) all the (ones) dwelling in permanent dwellings
(were) to be written down – enrolled – registered in writing.
2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
2) That was the first writing down – enrolling – registration
in writing that came into being.
Acting as ruler – governor – procurator of
[Note: The 5th century Codex Bezae (D) moved the words of Luke 2:2 after this translation, so as to read:
“This coming into existence writing down – enrolling – registration. First governing (the) Syria: Kureniou / Cyrenius.”
The First Greek version of the Codex Siniaticus has a differing word order than what we are now accustomed to in our modern Greek translations. That word order reads:
Haute apographo egeneto prote hegemoneuontos tas surias kureniou.-- Earliest Codex Siniaticus
"This writing down – enrolling - registration BEGAN TO COME INTO EXISTENCE first - (that is,) before the governing of Syria by Kureniou/ Cyrenius." (translation mine) ]
3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city. (KJV)
3) And running and passing through / traveling together
went all / everyone to be
written down – enrolled – registered in writing.
Each one into (his) own (private)
individual city/protected settlement
having ascended up – went up.
4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) (KJV)
4) Then also Joseph from Galilee --
out of the city - inhabited /protected settlement
of Nazaerth, (went) into Judea,
into the city - inhabited /protected settlement
of David, which is called (by name) Bethlehem through it being
of the House and Family of David –
5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. (KJV)
5) To be written down - enrolled - registered in writing
with Miriam / Mary:
the one recollecting, being betrothed to him
(as) a betrothed / engaged
maid –damsel – wife to be
[by means of a contractual promise],
existing as one being
inswelled – heavily pregnant – heavily with child.
6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. (KJV)
6) Then it came into being – it happened
in their being – existing there / in that place,
the days (for) the bearing and bringing forth (of) her
were fully past – completed – fulfilled.
7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn. (KJV)
7) And she bore and brought forth the first-born son of her,
and she enwrapped Him in clothes as in a band about Him,
and reclined – laid Him in the stall – pen – manger,
for that on account of [this reason] – because (there)
certainly not was for them a (dwelling) place (or room)
in the Katalumati / The Inn – the place of loosening
[of belts, sandals, burdens].
8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. (KJV)
8) And Shepherds were in the range – grazing lands –
fields of the province / region/ country.
The same (persons)
remaining and living in the range – grazing lands – fields
of the province / region/ country,
also observing and keeping a watchful preserving
guard /custody of the night over / upon the flock of them.
9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. (KJV)
9) And behold, look and see! An angel of the LORD
Stood near upon and over them,
And the glory – dazzling brightness and radiant splendor
of (the) LORD / of YHVeH
shone – lightened up with brilliant light like a lamp about them;
[Acts 26:13 describes brilliance above the brightness of the sun,
Isaiah 30:26 puts such light as 7 times the brilliance of
the noon-day sun.
The text here says that brilliance lit up and focused in
and around the shepherds,
NOT that the whole world was lit up].
And they feared and trembled with a great terror.
[They feared and shook nervously, greatly frightened,
and were seized with a sudden instinctual fright that inclined
them greatly to run away.]
10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. (KJV)
10) But spoke to them the Angel:
'Do not fear and tremble / do not fear (and run away).
Behold, look and see;
for because I bring and proclaim good news to you;
a great and growing joy [cf. Hebrew 'gadol']
which will be to all the people [of Israel] /
which will be to all the nations
[both of the Gentiles as well as Israel].'
11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. (KJV)
11) Because was born - brought forth to you, today,
a Savior, who is Christ (the) LORD,
in the city - protected settlement of David.
12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. (KJV)
12) And this to you,
a sign - an event - a mark - a token of confirmation:
you will search inquire - find / discover a babe
[brephas - before birth and after birth, a baby; one who
is directly dependent upon the mother for nourishment or
breastfeeding for survival. see also v. 11 "born this day" ]
having been enwrapped about (as) in a band
of swaddling clothes,
placed laying down - set down reclining
in the stall - pen / manger.
13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, (KJV)
13) And unexpectingly suddenly (there) came into being
together with the Angel
a great throng - multitude (a fullness of people all around)
of a Heavenly Angelic Army
praising [giving exhortations of blessing and well speaking]
GOD, and speaking - uttering definite words - saying:
14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men. (KJV)
14) 'Glory - Praise with thoughtful recognition and honor duly rendered
in highest places / (the) highest
and upon Earth:
Peace (with Tranquility) -
Peace of mind, body, and spirit with kindness and happiness;
[cf. Hebrew 'Shalom']
in men, pleasing favor / good will
in - among - before men.'
15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us. (KJV)
15) And it came into being (just) as the angels
withdrew - departed from them into the Heaven,
and (then) - and (after that) the men, the shepherds
said - spoke up alongside with one another,
[suggests to us that they were at differing points of distances from one
another surrounding the flock/herd they were keeping, and it follows that the
dazzling brilliant light of the Angel of the LORD lit up the flock also]
'Let us indeed - Let us by all means go through
and let us experience the seeing of this spoken word
the which the LORD
made known - declared - revealed to us.'
16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger. (KJV)
16) And they came hastily - hurrying quickly,
and diligently sought out and found out
both Miriam / Mary and Yosef / Joseph
and the (newborn) baby
lying down - reclining in the stall - pen / manger.
17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child. (KJV)
17) Then experiencing the seeing,
they made known and distinguished -
they publicly spread and made distinctly known
around concerning - about in respect to
the spoken word to them
concerning / about / in respect to this child.
18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds. (KJV)
18) And all those attentively hearing - listening
were struck with marvel - astonishment / wondered
concerning - in respect to - about
the random things spoken
by - through - (otherwise having occurred)
without notice by
the Shepherds up alongside with them.
[Comment: Why did the hearers marvel?
Because the hearers were Jews,
and the Shepherds were of the Gentiles,
who in verse 20 'epestrephan' / 'converted' to Judaism
because of this Angelic Proclamation.
Luke uses the same word for conversion
in the previous chapter in Luke 1:16,17.
True Heaven sent proclamations will always uphold
and proclaim Yeshua / Jesus as mankind's only means
of true Peace with GOD the Father and amongst ourselves. ]
19 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart. (KJV)
19) Then Miriam / Mary intensely kept and guarded all the
spoken words / sayings cast together / pondered and
in the heart of her.
20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them. (KJV)
20) And the Shepherds converted
glorifying - giving esteem and honor with recognition
and singing praises to GOD upon / over all things
which they had (intently) listened to / (carefully) heard
and beheld (with the eyes)
even as - inasmuch as was spoken up alongside with them.
21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Jesus, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb. (KJV)
21) And when were accomplished - completed - fulfilled
8 Days to circumcise the recently born / little child,
also was called forth the name of Him, Jesus / Yeshua;
that called through / under the Angel
before He was grasped and taken together / conceived
in the womb.
22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; (KJV)
22) And when were accomplished - completed - fulfilled
the days of the cleansing - purification of her,
according to the Law - Statute of Moses,
they took up - brought - carried Him
to present - to place near the LORD.
23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;) (KJV)
23) As according to (what)
has been written - inscribed - carved
in the Law - Statute of the LORD.
'Every male opening a womb
shall be Holy to the LORD.'
24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons. (KJV)
24) Also to give - bestow - present -offer a sacrificial offering
[of obedience] according to - in respect to
that said - declared in the Law - Statute of (the) LORD:
'A yoke - a joining of two - a pair of turtledoves,
or two young - nestling doves.' "
Disclaimer: The Alternate Word Pictures with Reiterations (AWPR) translation should be used as a Bible Study Aid only, and it is recommended that a direct literal translation or the King James Bible be used for regular and ecclesiastical purposes, and that the AWPR be used in association only as a Bible study aid so as to help the reader / user in their Bible Studying to clarify context and Scriptural Intent. Thanks. -- Brianroy
Matthew Chapter 2
King James Version (KJV)
Alternate Word Pictures with Reiterations (AWPR) - Translation mine.
1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, (KJV)
1) Then Jesus / Yeshua, having been born in Bethlehem of Judea
in the days of Herod the king:
Behold, look and see;
Magi from (the) rising sun – from (the) dawn – from (the) East
(publicly and noticeably) arrived into Jerusalem, (AWPR)
2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. (KJV)
2) Uttering definite words – saying:
‘In what place – Where is He (whom is) brought forth – born
King of the Jews?
For – Because we beheld – saw – observed – watched
the luminous body – the star of Him in the East,
and came forth publicly so as to make an appearance
to kiss – to adore – to show respect and falling/ prostrating
- to worship him.
3 When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. (KJV)
3) Then (paying heed and) hearing intently – listening (carefully),
Herod the king
was stirred up and agitated / troubled with great fear and questions,
and all of Jerusalem with him. (AWPR)
4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. (KJV)
4) And gathering – assembling together
the first / chief priests and Scribes
[Scribes - includes scribes who copy the Torah, Accountants,
and Civil Servant / Officials that were Recorders, Librarians, and other
various forms of Book or Document Keepers (including tax-collectors like Matthew, author of this Gospel).]
of the people,
he asked – inquired – examined from them
where – in what place the Christ was to be born. (AWPR)
5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, (KJV)
5) Then they said – spoke – replied to him,
‘In Bethlehem of Judea,
for thus – in this manner or way
it has been engraved – inscribed – carved – written
through the prophet, (AWPR)
6 And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor that shall rule my people Israel. (KJV)
6) ‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,
by no means – not at all
are you least in rank – dignity – importance
in – amongst the leaders – rulers – governors of Judah;
for – because out of you will proceed / come forth
a leader – chief – commander – ruler,
someone who will Shepherd the people – nation
of Me, Israel. (AWPR)
7 Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. (KJV)
7) At that time then, Herod in a manner or way concealed from notice –
secretly – discreetly – privately
calling – summoning forth – authoritatively invited
the Magi – the wise men
(and) asked precisely - inquired accurately / inquired exactly
from them the Time – Period – Season
of the shining – illuminating – giving light
[and remaining in that state of excessive illumination]
star – luminous body. (AWPR)
8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also. (KJV)
8) And causing to go – sending them
[implies a military escort for part of the journey to ensure they
went on the correct road and were certainly on their way. Herod was in Jerusalem only 4.1 plus miles to the north, where sending word back to him could be done by one servant sent back on foot, even walking by lamp or torch by night, in just inside one hour]
into Bethlehem, he said,
‘Having walked and passed – having gone through,
accurately examine – exactly with diligence find out –
inquire thoroughly about
regarding the little child.
Then, as soon as – whenever you find and search out / discover,
announce it to – send word to – make known to
me, so that I may also come up alongside with (you)
to worship Him.’ (AWPR)
Comment on distance:
Justin, in his Apology, 1.34, says: "And thou, Bethlehem, the land of Judah" etc. ‘Now there is a village in the land of the Jews, 35 stadia [4.1 miles] from Jerusalem, in which Jesus Christ was born, as you can [still] ascertain also from the registers of the taxing made under Cyrenius, your first procurator in Judea." It appears to me that the Inn or House to where Jesus was to be located was in this general vicinity at least a mile closer than the boundaries of modern Bethlehem and in the hills northeast of the current modern city, as yet unexcavated. That makes sense that if Bethlehem was so crowded that there was no room, they would be forced to make the best they could in the outskirts of the city, at a in Bethlehem point closest to Jerusalem, and yet above the primary dust and smog (that generally settles upon the first 200 feet of a civilization and makes the air tan or brownish as one looks down across a valley or plain of it), it seems to me.
9 When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. (KJV)
9) Then they, having heard and listened to the king carefully – intently
(continued and) passed through – departed.
And behold, look and see; the luminous body – the star
which they saw – beheld – observed – watched
in the rising sun – in the dawn – in the East
preceded before and led them forth until, coming,
it stood up above / over and upon
where the little child was. (AWPR)
10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. (KJV)
10) Then seeing – beholding – observing the luminous body / star,
they rejoiced with great – abundant
joy – delight – gladness,
with very much eagerness. (AWPR)
11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense and myrrh. (KJV)
11) And coming into the house / building, 1
They saw – beheld – observed the little child
with Miriam / Mary the mother of Him.
And falling down prostrate they adored – showed obeisance to –
And opening the treasures put – set – stored of them,
they brought up alongside with / next to – near to Him
gratuitous – generous gifts of
gold and frankincense and myrrh. (AWPR)
12 And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way. (KJV)
12) And having been addressed
in a very straight-forward business-like warning – oracle
by a dream that they should not go back again – return
up alongside with Herod,
through another of the same kind of way – highway – route
they departed back again into
the country – land – region – territory of them.2 (AWPR)
13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. (KJV)
13) Then they, having left – having departed back again:
behold, look and see;
an angel / messenger of (the) LORD
shone – gave light / illumination – appeared
down in a dream to Joseph, uttering definite words – saying,
‘Rise (from sleep and sluggishness) – Rise up!
take up and seize the little child and the mother of Him,
and hurriedly flee – escape quickly into Egypt;
and be you in that place there
until I shall speak to you:
for Herod is at the point of – is about to look for and strive to find
the little child, to kill – put to death – destroy Him.’
14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: (KJV)
14) Then he rising up (from sleep and sluggishness)
Took up and seized – snatched up
The little child and the mother of Him by night,
And departed back again into Egypt.3
15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son. (KJV)
15) And he was in that place there until
the end – completion (death) of Herod,
in order that would be fulfilled that spoken
under the LORD through the prophets,
laying down definite words saying – speaking,
‘Out of Egypt I have called / summoned forth
The Son of Me.’
16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men. (KJV)
16) At that time then, Herod (upon) seeing –beholding that
he was deluded – deceived – played the fool
under – by the Magi,
(he) was provoked into a great wrath – indignation – rage.
And sending forth [soldiers on his resulting orders],
He took away in death – he murdered
All the male children in Bethlehem,
And in all the boundaries – frontiers – limits – region of it,
From 2 years and downwards,
According to the Time he diligently and accurately inquired
From the proximity of
[i.e., that Herod posed to a group presented before him
who were also far enough away to converse in whispers secretly
17) Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, (KJV)
17) Then at that time was fulfilled – accomplished – completed
that definitely uttered / said
under – by – through Jeremiah the prophet
18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not. (KJV)
18) ‘A voice – A sound
Shone forth –toned forth
[and would echo in the recurring recollections of the minds
of those who heard it]
in Rama was attentively heard – listened carefully to:
loud wailing and grievous weeping with tears,
and much (tormented – sorrowful) bewailing;
Rachel grievously weeping with tears for the children of her,
And certainly not willing / certainly not having the
will – desire – purpose
to have called to the side of – to be aided or comforted
because they certainly were not.’
Comment: The tomb of Rachel, wife of Jacob, who died in giving birth to Benjamin (cf. Genesis 35:16-19), was and is located in the region that is now the city of modern Bethlehem. Benjamin was called Ben-Oni “son of I / son of me”, which some have mistranslated as “son of my sorrow”. However, Jacob affirms it was “son of I / son of me” when he renamed the child as Ben-Yamin “Son at my Right Hand”. Indeed, Jesus / Yeshua would eventually be known to humanity as “the son at the Right Hand” of GOD the Father Almighty.
19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, (KJV)
19) Then Herod
having come to his end – having expired / completed / died;
behold, look and see: an Angel of (the) LORD
down in a dream gives light – shines – appears
to Joseph in Egypt,
20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life. (KJV)
20) Speaking with definite words – saying,
‘Rising up (from sleep and sluggishness).
Take up – possess – seize – take along
the little child and the mother of Him,
and pass through into (the) Land of Israel:
for – because those seeking – striving to find
the soul of / the life of the little child
have died (by natural means).’ (AWPR)
21 And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. (KJV)
21) Then he [Joseph] rising up,
took up – seized and took along – snatched up
the little child and the mother of Him,
and came forth publicly into (the) Land of Israel.
22 But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee: (KJV)
22) Then, hearing attentively and hearkening that Archelaus
reigns upon Judea against / in place of – in lieu of /
in substitution as a successor of
Herod the father of him,
he [Joseph] feared and trembled with fright and terror
(so as to run away) [rather than] to go there in that place:
Then, down in a dream,
in a very straight-forward business-like
order - response - warning – oracle,
he [Joseph] departed back again into the [sea – waters
of the] sides – parts – coasts.4
And behold, look and see;
The heavens to him were opened,
And he saw – beheld – observed (it was) the Galilee.
23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. (KJV)
23) And having come forth publicly,
He dwelt in a permanent dwelling / he resided
Into a city – protected settlement called Nazareth;
So as to accomplish – make full – complete – fulfill
That spoken – foretold through the prophet:
‘He shall be summoned forth / called Nazarene.”
Disclaimer: The Alternate Word Pictures with Reiterations (AWPR) translation should be used as a Bible Study Aid only, and it is recommended that a direct literal translation or the King James Bible be used for regular and ecclesiastical purposes, and that the AWPR be used in association only as a Bible study aid so as to help the reader / user in their Bible Studying to clarify context and Scriptural Intent. THE AWPR is my translation carefully done from the Koine Greek Scriptural Texts. Thanks. -- Brianroy
1. The events of the Magi arriving is AFTER the events listed in Luke Chapter 2. Finding Mary and Jesus the angelically announced Messiah in a manure filled stall, it is not a stretch in any way that the Shepherds (who possibly were raising their flocks primarily in the valley of Achor, south of Jericho – Isaiah 65:9-10, before proceeding round about to Jerusalem through the south via Bethlehem) could easily have used sheep as payment for someone or the Inn itself to take Miriam and her baby in out of doors. Judaism often places an emphasis of the relationship of child and mother, and of common decency. A trade (for example) of 7 fat sheep for eating, and perhaps a lamb without spot or blemish for trade or sacrifice for the Temple would have been more than sufficient payment. There is absolutely no justification for any relocation of the event to Nazareth or anywhere else. In fact, the events of both the Shepherds and the visit by the Magi would have preceded the actual day of circumcision of the little child Jesus, meaning the visits by the Shepherds in Luke 2 (written in A.D. 50) and that of the Magi in Matthew 2 (written between June of A.D. 55 and the early fall of A.D. 56 at the latest), both were completed within the first 8 days of Jesus birth.
2. The Highway to Israel from Babylonia would have been via: Accad, Mari, Tadmor, Damascus, Capernaum, Jericho, Jerusalem, and points along that route.
The exit taken by the Magi away from Herod, would likely have been south from Bethlehem to the road that passed from Kadesh Barnea (around the southern part of the Dead Sea traveling East then North through Edom on the King's Highway) to Rabboth-Bene-Ammon, then due east to Dumah, and from Dumah to Babylonia.
3. “Departed back again” is the most accurate translation possible for the Koine Greek Word of this verse, which is “anechoresen” – the aorist indicative active of anachoreo. This means that Joseph, although of the House of David, was a Jew who was previously living in Egypt and for some time had made his home and livelihood there. Most likely that home was in Alexandria, and the use of the aorist indicative active of anachoreo in the way it is presented in this verse suggests that is where Mary also had spent some time as the wife of Joseph upon her marriage to him. It also gives cause for a working hypothesis as to part of the reason why Mark took his Gospel to Alexandria after the death of the Apostle Peter on June 29, 57 A.D., and founded what would be the Coptic Church before his own death in the 8th year of Nero in A.D. 62 (just 5 years after that of Peter’s death in Rome). There must have been some sort of familiarity and testimony that joined Joseph by family and (Mary and the LORD Jesus to that city later, albeit briefly) as a city of refuge away from and out of Herod’s jurisdiction and influence.
4. Joseph, it seems to me, most clearly took the little child / baby Jesus and the mother of Him out of Egypt by ship back to Israel. They probably first embarked to Joppa, heard the news of Archelaus, and then took the journey to the next stop of Caesarea (Song of Solomon 2:1) on the coast of Samaria and entered through the plain of Sharon. Prophecy related to Sharon in the Old Testament informs us that Joseph then would have proceeded by land up to Mount Carmel (Isaiah 35:1-2) before turning aside to Galilee, so as to appear to enter it from an origin in the north and avert suspicion as having actually come from the south.